Tango chirimen is a type of flat-woven silk crêpe that has been produced for over 300 years in the Tango region, located on the northern coast of Kyoto Prefecture. The technique for weaving chirimen was brought to Japan from China at the end of the 16th century CE and became popular in Nishijin: a district in Kyoto known for weaving. In 1720, a weaving apprentice in Nishijin, Kinuya Saheiji, introduced the technique to his home region of Tango. Made of high twist raw silk yarn and characterized by its textured surface, this soft and wrinkle-free silk crêpe has for generations been the preferred fabric for making yūzen-dyed kimono. Despite the proliferation of European-style dress, synthetic yarns and mechanized weaving techniques that became popular in the mid-20th century CE, the tradition of Tango chirimen has continued to thrive.