The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) is Japan’s core agency responsible for the research, development and implementation of technology in space. It was established in 2003, however Japan’s involvement in the field of space development started long before that. In 1970 Japan became the world’s fourth country to successfully launch its first satellite: ‘Ohsumi’. Since then, Japan has developed many world-leading space technologies in various fields, such as space science, human spaceflight, Earth observation and space transportation. Today, JAXA continues to develop and harness these technological strengths in order to contribute to space development around the world and maximize the potential of space for the benefit of humankind. Read on to find out more about some of JAXA’s projects and missions.